Evaluation of anticonvulsant potential of aqueous methanolic extract and various fractions of Ajuga bracteosa wall
We aim to assess the anticonvulsant potential of Ajuga bracteosa Wall. The aqueous methanol extract (30:70) of Ajuga bracteosa and its n-hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions were prepared. Anticonvulsant effect was evaluated using different animal models of epilepsy. Crude extract along with its fractions at 500 and 1000 mg/kg doses, administered orally to albino mice were appraised against pentylenetetrazole-induced, strychnine-induced and picrotoxin-induced convulsions. Moreover, effect of test substances on brain GABA level and phenobarbitone induced hypnosis was also studied at dose level of 350 and 400 mg/kg. The plant extract and its fractions produced potent dose dependent anticonvulsant activity in all models of epilepsy. In addition, plant extract and fractions increased brain GABA level and potentiated phenobarbitone-induced sleep duration. From the results it can be deduced that Ajuga bracteosa possess potent anticonvulsant activity, supporting its folkloric use in the treatment of epilepsy.