A novel rat model of foreign body osteomyelitis for evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy
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How to Cite

L. Brinkman, C., M. Schmidt-Malan, S., J. Karau, M., & Patel, R. (2019). A novel rat model of foreign body osteomyelitis for evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy. Journal of Experimental and Applied Animal Sciences, 3(1), 7-14. https://doi.org/10.20454/jeaas.2019.1555

Abstract

The most common organism-type causing orthopedic foreign body infection is the staphylococci, of which Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis are especially common. These organisms form biofilms on orthopedic foreign body surfaces, rendering such infections challenging and time consuming to treat. Our group evaluates novel therapeutics for orthopedic foreign body infection in animal models. A current limitation of most animal models is that that they only allow for the removal of one sample per animal, at the time of sacrifice. Herein, we describe a novel rat model of foreign body osteomyelitis that allows removal of foreign bodies at different time points, from the same infected animal. We demonstrate that this model can be used for both S. aureus and S. epidermidis orthopedic foreign body infection, with 3.56, 3.60 and 5.51 log10 cfu/cm2S. aureus recovered at four, five and six weeks, respectively, after infection, and 2.08, 2.17 and 2.62 log10 cfu/cm2S. epidermidis recovered at four, five and six weeks, respectively, after infection. We evaluated the model with S. aureus infection treated with rifampin 25 mg/kg twice daily for 21 days. Using quantitative cultures, we were no longer able to detect bacteria as of the 14th day of treatment with bacteria becoming detectable again 7 days following the discontinuation of rifampin a period. This novel model allows monitoring of evolution of infection at the infection site in the same animal.

https://doi.org/10.20454/jeaas.2019.1555
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